Bichon Frise

Family: Bichon

Nationality: Central Mediterranean Basin, Italy

Weight (kg): 2.5 - 6
Size (cm): 25 - 30
Hair type: fine, silky, corkscrew

Color Standards: Pure White

Origin and history: True origin unknown.

Personality: Robust, lively, exuberant, with strong temperament, sensitive and gentle

Known health issues: Dislocation of the patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes (hip problem), progressive atrophy of the retina, cataract, epilepsy and gum disease

Note: This dog does not lose much of their hair.

Hereditary illness

• Dysplasia (developmental anomaly) of the hip and elbow
• Aseptic necrosis (degeneration) of the femoral head
• Patellar dislocation (of the patella) (ano
• Cataracts
• PDA (persistence of ductus arteriosus)

Predisposition to diseases

• Hypersecretion of lacrimal glands (increased production of tears)
• Dermatitis (inflammation of the skin) allergic
• Cryptorchidism (testicle retained)
• Calculations (stones) urinary
• Umbilical hernia (navel)
• Distichiasis (row of supernumerary eyelashes that point to the cornea)
• Corneal dystrophy (growth disorder)
• Hypothyroidism (decreased hormone production by the thyroid gland)
• Glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
• Portosystemic shunt (short circuit of the liver through the bloodstream)
• AHMI (Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia)