Breed: Poodle

Family: Poodle

Nationality: France

Weight (kg): dwarf: 12 - 24; average: 20.5 - 32; toy: 6.5 - 7.5
Size (cm): dwarf: 28 - 38; average: 37.5 - 38.5; toy: 25 - 28
Hair type: very abundant and dense

Color Standards: All solid colors

Origin and History: This breed is of very ancient origin. The ancestors are probably Arab dogs crossed with Portuguese water dogs who arrived in France around 700 AD.

Personality: This is a very nice pet dog that has good character. They are faithful, sociable and intelligent. As well as being an extroverted dog who always seems happy.

Known health problems: eye diseases, Legg-Perthes-Calvé, enthropion, epilepsy, gastric torsion, sebaceous adenitis

Dwarf: hip disease, Legg-Perthes-Calvé, dislocation of the patella, progressive retinal atrophy, cataract, glaucoma, deafness, cardiopatia, epilepsy

Toy: dislocation of the patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé, progressive retrograde atrophy, epilepsy, hypoglycemia

Note: This breed adapts to all types of life, it has a very great adaptability (family, hunting, etc.)

Hereditary illness

• Dysplasia (developmental anomaly) of the hip and elbow
Patellar dislocation (patella)
• Progressive atrophy (degeneration) of the retina
• Aseptic necrosis (degeneration) of the femoral head
• von Willebrand disease
• Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison's disease)
• Mucopolysaccharidosis (skeletal malformations, including sternum, vertebrae and hips)
Predisposition to diseases

• Gastric dilatation / volvulus (torsion of the stomach, standard poodles)
• Epiphora (secretions of eyes)
• Distichiasis (row of supernumerary eyelashes that point to the cornea)
• Cataracts
• Dental diseases
• Bronchiectasis (bronchial crush, chronic cough)
• Hypothyroidism (decreased hormone production by the thyroid gland)
• Chronic otitis
• Tracheal collapse (collapse of the trachea rings)
• Mitral valve disease
• Cryptorchidism (testicle retained)
• Idiopathic epilepsy (convulsions) (unknown cause)
• Diabetes mellitus
• Hyperadrenocorticism
• Glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
• Persistence of ductus arteriosus (PDA)
• Calculations (stones) urinary
• Osteosarcoma (cancer) of the mammary gland
• Alopecia -X
• Cardiomyopathy (dilated heart disease)
• Perineal hernia (perineal hernia)
• Spinocellular carcinoma (fingers, tongue)
• Instability of the shoulder