Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Breed: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Family: Spaniel

Nationality: Great Britain

Weight (kg): 5 - 8
Size (cm): 31 - 30
Hair type: long and silky

Color Standards: Black and golden, ruby, chestnut spots on white, tricolor

Origin and History: This breed comes from crosses between King Charles, Pekingese and Carlin. It was recognized in 1945, but already existed since the 15th century.

Personality: It's an easy-going dog, that does not bark too much, kind, gentle and sensitive, but also lively and energetic.

Known Health Problem: Heart Disease, Patellar Dislocation, Cataracts and Retinal Disorders

Note: The incidence of hereditary diseases is very high.

Hereditary illness

• Dysplasia (developmental anomaly) of the hip and elbow
• Aseptic necrosis (degeneration) of the femoral head
Patellar dislocation (patella)
• Episodic collapses
• Muscular dystrophy (growth disorder)
• KCS (dry keratoconjunctivitis, dry eyes) congenital
• ichthyosiform dermatosis (scaly skin)

Predisposition to diseases

• Chronic disease of the mitral valve
• Chiari malformation
• Insufficiency of the exocrine pancreas (PEI)
• Brachycephalic complex (stenosis of the nostrils, soft palate elongation, tracheal hypoplasia, eversion of laryngeal saccules causing snoring, difficulty breathing and collapse)
• Umbilical hernia (navel)
• Dysplasia (developmental anomaly) of the retina
• Distichiasis (row of supernumerary eyelashes that point to the cornea)
• Corneal dystrophy (growth disorder)
• Deafness
• Cataracts
• KCS (keratoconjunctivitis sicca, dry eyes)
• Dermatitis (inflammation of the skin) allergic
• Sebaceous cysts
• Syringomyelia
• Herniated discs
• Chronic pancreatitis
• Idiopathic epilepsy (convulsions) (unknown cause)
• Occlusion of the femoral artery and aortic thromboembolism
• Hypothyroidism (decreased hormone production by the thyroid gland)
• Calculations (stones) urinary (xanthine)
• Otitis media
• Diabetes mellitus
• Microphthalmia (smaller eye)