Lice

Hosts

Pets can, like humans, be infested with lice. Fortunately, this parasite is species specific, meaning that it affects only the species on which it lives. For example, the human louse only affects humans, the dog louse only affects dogs, the cat louse only affects cats, and so on.

The contamination

The louse does not survive, or for a very short time, outside its host. Transmission therefore occurs through direct contact with an infected animal of the same species.

The parasite cycle

The parasite's cycle is complete on the animal, which means that the female lays white-yellow eggs that stick together at the base of the hairs. Eventually, the eggs will hatch to let out new lice.

The symptoms

There are very few clinical signs: mainly itching, which can be so intense that the animal self-injures or becomes anxious.

The animal's hair can be dry and coarse, and dandruff and dermatitis can sometimes be observed.

The treatment

The animal must first be washed to eliminate the adult parasites then it must be treated with specific products to kill the eggs and the larvae.